|AHYMSIN NEWSLETTER, ISSUE - July 2019|
International Day of Yoga, Sabah, Malaysia
Submitted by Henry Yap
HYSSS (Himalayan Yoga Science Society Sabah) Committee 2019 – 2021
President: S. Vanugopal
Grateful thanks to the Sabah Indian Association for their support and all well wishers and donors.
UNITED NATIONS INTERNATIONAL DAY OF YOGA 2019
Yoga in Education
23 June 2019
9.00 a.m. Arrival of Guests and Members
Blessings of Gratitude
Blessings of gratitude to the Guest of Honour for his presence and support, along with many blessings of recognition and appreciation to the teachers and members of the “Himalayan Yoga Science Society Sabah” (HYSSS), (Persatuan Himalayan Yoga Sains Sabah), founded by Swami Rama of the Himalayas, providing adept yoga teaching for children and adults, as well as inspiring satsang sessions revealing the ancient knowledge of the Yoga tradition.
Yoga, a discipline for the fullest development of the soul, mind, and body is a scientific, holistic approach to life that helps to keep the body and mind fit.
This event though held in Sabah, in conjunction with the UN International Day of Yoga, is indeed very commendable. The participation by those that you have trained, especially the children speaks for itself.
Selected Yoga Sutras of Patanjali
It is general knowledge that the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali is the treatise on Yoga that is contained in 196 terse verses or aphorisms and divided into 4 chapters − samadhipada, sadhanapada, vibhutipada and kaivalyapada. Through the commentaries of scholars and researchers we are able to understand these verses.
In this brochure a few of the selected sutras are presented together with the commentaries.
Sutra 1.2 yogash chitta-vrtti-nirodhah
Sutra 1-5 vrttayah panchatayyah klishtaklishtah
Sutra 1-12 abhyasa-vairagyabhyam tan-nirodhah
Sutra 2.28 yoganganushthanadashuchikshaye jnanadiptiraavivekakhyateh
Sutra 2.29 Yama-niyama-asana-pranayama-pratyahara-dharana-dhyana-samadhaya shtavangani
Sutra 2.30 Ahimsa-satya-asteya-brahmacharya-aparigrahah yamah
One should not cause injury to anyone through thoughts, words or deeds; this means that one should cultivate love for all. One should be always truthful. Not stealing or thieving means that one should not be covetous. One should not hoard things, more than that is needed. Continence means not over indulging in any kind of pleasure, especially sex. Non-acceptance means abstention from greed, also abstention from receiving gifts. Receiving gifts makes one a slave of the giver. It certainly binds the receiver to the giver.
Sutra 2.33 Vitarkabadhane pratipakshabhavanam
Sutra 2.34 Vitarka himsadayah kritakaritanumodita lobha-krodha-moha-purvaka mridumadhya-adhimatra duhkhajnana-anantaphala iti pratipakshabhavanam
Sutra 2.42 Santoshad anuttamah sukhalabhah
Sutra 2.46 Sthirasukham-asanam
Sutra 2.47 Prayatnashaithilyanantasamapattibhyam
Sutra 2.49 Tasminsati shvasaprashvasayorgativichhedah pranayamah
Sutra 2.50 Bahyabhyantarastambhavrittih deshakalasamkhyabhih paridrishto dirghasukshmah
Sutra 3.1 Deshabandhah chittasya dharana
Sutra 3.2 Tatra pratyaikatanata dhyanam
Sutra 3.3 Tadevarthamatranirbhasam svarupashunyamiva samadhih
Sutra 3.4 Trayamekatra samyamah
Sutra 3.5 Tajjayat prajna-alokah
Sutra 3.6 Tasya bhumishu viniyogah
Patanjali warns us not to be in a hurry. The practice has to be step by step; first dharana, then dhyana and then samadhi. One should not attempt at samadhi without proper purification of the mind. With desires hankering in the mind if one attempts to achieve samadhi, there will be hallucinations and one would even go mad. So one has to be very careful.
Sutra 3.7 Trayamantarangam purvebhyah
The Science of Pranayama
Pranayama is the fourth limb of the eight-fold Yoga described in the Yoga Sutra of Patanjali.
Prana is energy or the life force and yama means the control of that energy.
In yoga breath (prana) and the mind (chitta) are not separate or independent of each other. They are interdependent of each other. When breath is stopped, so will the mind cease.
Yoga as described in verse 2 chapter 1 of Yoga Sutras of Patanjali is the control of the thought waves in the mind-field (chitta). The ancient masters of yoga who knew that it was difficult to control the mind directly also knew that it can be controlled by controlling the breath. The Yogavasistha (V.78.46) explains:
Swami Rama in his Lectures on Yoga-Practical Lessons on Yoga says that the science of breath is an important part of the science of pranayama but that the world has not yet recognized this important aspect of life. According to Swami Rama the real mystery of prana remains veiled even though it is prana which sustains the body, and without its help body and mind could not exist.
Owing to its importance Swami Rama describes various breathing exercises and how it should be done. At our centre we are taught the breathing exercise called nadi-shodhana or channel purification and is included as an important topic in all our yoga retreats.
Below is the practice of nadi-shodhana as recommended by Swami Rama.
Nadi-Shodhana – Channel Purification
This is a breathing exercise which purifies the nadis, or subtle energy channels. It should be done at least twice a day−in the morning and in the evening. In the morning nadi-shodhana is done in the following manner:
Be careful to see the inhalation and exhalation are of equal duration and are slow, controlled and free from jerks as well as any sense of exertion. With time, gradual lengthening of the duration of inhalation and exhalation should be attempted.
The beginnings of the practice of Yoga Science in Sabah predate the registration of Himalayan Yoga Science Society Sabah as a Society on 30th March 2012. Sage Swami Rama and subsequently his disciples, from the Himalayan region visited Sabah in the early 1990s and conducted Yoga retreat for the aspirants. It took almost thirty odd years before sufficient number of people became interested in Yoga as a science and for the first crop of local teachers to be rigorously trained at the hands of the Himalayan Masters.
HYSSS, a non-profit and non-religious body has the single objective of imparting the knowledge on Yoga Science in the purest form of the Himalayan tradition designed to integrate body, breath and mind through progressive levels of relaxation, breathing, postures and mediation.
Towards this end the Society will embark on a Teacher’s Training Programme for nine aspiring yoga practitioners to be trained as Yoga Teachers at the hands of experts at the Swami Rama Sadhaka Grama, Rishikesh, from 10th November to 23rd November 2019. Three of the participants are from New Zealand who wish to be trained in the Himalayan Tradition. The training at Rishikesh consisting of theoretical, philosophical and practical aspects of Yoga will satisfy 160 credit hours out of the required 200 credit hours.
The remaining 40 credit hours will be mentored by Datin Judy Rajah.
Besides the regular Yoga classes HYSSS holds discourses with scholars of Yoga Science and Philosophy as well as medical doctors and scientists who have discovered the essence of Yoga and its impact on individuals and society. Our annual retreats guided by prominent Yoga Masters have always been looked forward to and have attracted international participants.
HYSSS also prepared a slide presentation: “Himalayan Tradition of Yoga Meditation and how it flows through AHYMSIN…”
HYSSS has a Facebook page: https://www.facebook.com/hysssabah/